Monday, January 14, 2008

Jan. 10

Here are some key points we should have absorbed today

Animals get thier food by
Filter (suspension) feeding
-Substrate feeding
-Fluid feeding
-Bulk feeding

-Animals cannot make: elements; N, P, K, Fe, Na, Ca and NAD, FAD so they must take it in through food

peristalsis-push food along by rhythmic waves of smooth muscle contraction in walls of the digestive system.

Sphincters-muscular ring-like valves, regulate the passage of material between sections of digestive system.

Accessory glands- salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gall bladder secrete digestive juices such as enzymes and fluid.

Stomach-stores foos, disinfects food, performs chemical digestion

Ulcers-caused by a bacteria overload in your stomach called helicobacter pylori cured with antibiotics.

Small intestine-chemical digestion, absorption through lining
-duodenum=most digestion
-jejunum=absorption of nutrients and water
-ileum=absorption of nutrients and water

-the small intestine is lined with villi and microvilli
the villi increase the surface area to absorb materials into the blood

large iontestine-re-absorb water
the large intestine is inhabited by countless bacteria including E. coli
the bacteria produce necessary vitamins for survival and help with digestion

Rectum-eliminate feces (extracellular waste) this waste has never been absorbed into the bloodstream.


daniel john said...

Thanks for this fabulous information. This really helps, I've been looking for this kind of info hub on this issue for a long time now and for sure this one is great.

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Samantha McAllister said...

Thanks for the summary on the immune system! I have to read Survival of the Sickest for my AP Bio class and and this really helped.